3 Responses

  1. Lumah Ma Dilaut
    Lumah Ma Dilaut August 16, 2012 at 4:02 am |

    salam. Thank you, Luke. Nice, feel-good piece there you've got on the Sama in Davao. I wish you cited the sources as well, like the Sama collaboration with Uyanguren against Datu Bago. How strange when the Sama alliances with the Sulu sultans and consistent [piratical] campaigns against western colonialists are well documented from Malakka, to Makkasar to Borneo and down to Sulu archipelago. In Sulu, the longest resistance ever launched by individuals registered against Spanish conquestadores and American colonialists were also by the Sama; namely Panglima Taupan and Panglima Alip of Balangingi and in more contemporary times that of Jikiri andi Kamlun of Sulu. I could not fathom why there should be a change of heart upon landing in Dabaw where the Kaagan datu Bago blood line is half-Suluk [from the land of Spirits in Agusan-Surigao] and half-Maguindanao, and noting that about this time the memories of Spanish attacks of the Balangingi was still smouldering and I'd imagine fanning the Sama hatred for the 'aa luwar'.

  2. Lumah Ma Dilaut
    Lumah Ma Dilaut August 16, 2012 at 4:34 am |

    Just to give us a spatio-chronological sense of things then, Don Jose Uyanguren, a Spanish businessman came to Davao in 1847 at the time Ka'gan-Maguindanao Datu Bago was reigning in what is now Davao City and the Spaniard attempted to conquer where Datu Bago ruled. Elsewhere in Sulu archipelago, around 1845-1848, Sulu and the strongholds of maritime trading of the Sama [i.e. the Balangingi base] and generally of Suluk were continually being bombarded by Spanish frigates, eventually the Spaniards successfully penetrated into the barricade of Jolo in 1851 and also dispersed the Balangingi resistance, causing to some of the Sama to flee and sought refuge in Tawitawi while some listlessly prowled the seas from the southseas of Borneo down to Celebes and Sulu waters whereupon many must have also passed off time around the gulf [i.e. Sarangani and Dabaw] are.. It is not plausible to infer that the Sama in Dabaw could have sided with Spain when they were infact being attacked and disenfranchised in their homeseas [and eventually some forced to bring their trade to Dabaw] by the same foreign conquestadores. My source for above is James Francis Warren's Sulu Zone (sorry I couldn't cite page for now, as I am just retrieving this from memory; and that of Shinzo Hayaze's 'Mindanao Ethnohistory beyond Nations', pp.31-35).

  3. luke August 16, 2012 at 1:46 pm |

    Magsukul Kaꞌ Mucha. I’m glad to have your input on this. I wrote “claimed” and “rare” because it seemed an oddity to me as well when I saw it written on the Davao Timeline at the Davao Museum. I wonder if it might only be confusion between the inhabitants of the Island of Samal and the Sama people, referred to by many Filipinos as Samals. I am still trying to learn as much as I can from both Sama in their communities as well as in print material. I now have two books to add to my reading list.

    My former impression on the Sama presence in Davao is that it has always been a territory of the more mobile Sama. In more recent history, those living in Sasa Km11 first came here on long fishing trips (magkaldiya in Sinama Tabawan) and then at a time when Sulu was especially chaotic they decided to bring their families and transfer here permanently.

    If the Sama in Davao at Uyanguren’s point in history were refugees from Sulu, I would only assume that they were joining relatives that had already migrated to the area or fished the waters regularly.

    Anyway, I love history and very much welcome corrections and additions to my not very professionally written historical posts 🙂 Magsukul pabalik.


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